If you’re a history buff looking for your next vacation, pack your bag. From the Persian Empire in the Middle East to towering castles and cobblestone alleys in Europe to reminders of the ancient civilizations of America, we invite everyone to travel back in time with these tourist spots to learn about history.
1. Machu Picchu, Cusco, Peru
Visit the historic center of the Inca Empire in Cusco, Peru. Located nearly 8,000 feet above sea level, the city in the sky was built in the 15th century as the home of Emperor Pachacuti, who reigned from 1438 to 1472. This site was abandoned. hoang, however in the 1550s, around the time of the Spaniards. conquered present day Peru.
Machu Picchu is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and has recently limited the number of visitors to 2,500 people per day. To become one of the lucky thousands, it’s best to buy your admission ticket first as the spots can fill up quickly. Take a train to the nearby town of Aguas Calientes, then take a bus to a famous spot. You can also walk to Machu Picchu on the 4 or 5 day Inca Trail. While in Cusco, visit the city of Cusco itself, known for its colonial architecture, colorful Peruvian crafts and culture, and stunning natural beauty located in the Andean mountains.
2. Silk Road, East-Central Asia
Travel along the famous trade routes that previously connected Asia with Europe. The Silk Road was an integral part of the formation of international relations and trade partnerships from around the 2nd century to the 14th century; bringing goods such as spices and silk across the border, as well as the diffusion of artistic and religious styles.
You can visit many of these areas these days, but it is difficult to choose which one. We recommend the Chang’an Tianshan Corridor, named a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Chang’an Tianshan Corridor brings you to experience culture through northern China and Central Asia. With its extremely low altitude (500 feet below sea level), to the climax (up to 24,000 feet above sea level), this 3,000-mile journey is full of amazing scenery. Explore the ancient Khan capital cities, Buddhist temples, the Great Wall of China, Kashgar market, and more.
3. Berlin Wall, Berlin, Germany
The most famous emblem of the Cold War of the 1950s – 90s, is now one of Berlin’s top tourist attractions. The wall separating East Berlin, controlled by Soviet East Germany, from West Berlin, was controlled by the Union of West Germany. The wall was erected in 1961 as a curtain separating communist states from capitalism. While the Berlin Wall fell more than 25 years ago, parts of it still exist as a reminder of this period.
Come to Berlin today to see the city, unified and thrived since the fall of the wall, and remember to stop at famous historic sites. The vertical sections are covered with colorful murals painted by various graffiti artists from around the world. You can go on a bicycle tour along the path the wall once passed to study history while seeing more of the city. If you look closely, you can still distinguish the former East from West Berlin.
4. Mesa Verde National Park, Mesa Verde, Colorado
Explore one of America’s most unique Native American heritage at Mesa Verde National Park. Located in the southwestern corner of the state, the park is home to a village over a thousand years old built by groups living in the four corners of present-day Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona and Utah. The Ancestor Pueblos Village still exists, after it was preserved by President Theodore Roosevelt as a National Park in 1909.
Visit the park today, open to the public for guided tours of rangers, with hours that change depending on the season. The park’s full schedule can be found here. Admission to the park includes tours of Balcony House, Cliff Palace, Long House, sunset tours in the area and visits to the Chapin Mesa Archaeological Museum, and Research Center and Tourist Mesa Verde. The park is 35 miles south of Durango, CO, making the city an easy access point to Mesa Verde.
5. Alcatraz Island, San Francisco, California, USA
In the middle of the bay, off the coast of the great city of San Francisco lies the historic prison island Alcatraz. Built in 1847, the island started as a military island then a military prison, before becoming a federal prison in 1934 until closing in 1963. During the period in federal prison, Alcatraz has detained people like Al Capone, Machine Gun Kelly, Alvin Karpis, and more.
While in San Francisco, head to Fisherman’s Wharf and catch a boat in the deep blue water to the old island. The only way out is to take a ferry with Alcatraz Cruises LLC, through National Park Services. Join a guided tour and see the cells and guard houses, and learn all the internal history and secrets of the prison island. Tour options include an early tour, a day tour, a night tour, a behind-the-scenes tour, and an Angel Island and Alcatraz tour.
6. Easter Island, Chile
Easter Island, or Rapa Nui as called in its native Polynesian, is an island in the South Pacific, 2,000 miles off the coast of Chile. The island is best known for its nearly 900 giant statues of moai. The statues can be up to 30 feet tall and are chiseled with traditional chisels called tokis to honor important members of society after their death. Easter Island was first inhabited between 700 and 1100, but by 1500, it was mostly isolated. Today, there are Chileans and Rapa Nui living there.
Easter Island is one of the most remote locations in the world, making a trip difficult. Begin your journey in Chile, where you can learn more about Latino culture and the pre-Colombian cultures that ruled the Andes. From the Chilean capital Santiago, take the LATAM flight to Hanga Roa, the capital of Rapa Nui. The island is a beautiful location, with privacy, lush hills and breathtaking Pacific beaches.
7. Great Pyramid of Giza, Giza, Egypt
Certainly no travel list of historical sites is complete without ancient Egypt. And for history buffs like you, the Great Pyramid of Giza is a must. The pyramid is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world, built between 2580 BC and 2560 BC. Of the three structures, the Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest and tallest, the residence of the pharaoh Khufu of the fourth dynasty. Pyramids are ancient tombs built for the burial of pharaohs, along with many of their properties. The pyramid contains more than two million blocks and today, more than 3,000 years after its creation, the majority is still intact.
Come to Egypt to admire the iconic architecture. Fly to Cairo, where you can explore the colorful city, visit the colorful markets and admire the mosques and citadels. From Cairo, you can take a bus or taxi to Giza, ride a camel or ride a horse to the pyramids. Once in the area, don’t forget to check out the Sphinx!
8. Acropolis of Athens, Athens, Greece
Athens, the birthplace of democracy, is a must-have for any history lover. The house of Ancient Greece, and one of the classical, iconic societies, is filled with incredible locations right from your history textbook. Of course, the most iconic location is the Acropolis of Athens. The ancient city sits on high overlooking the city of Athens. The small city has several buildings, including the Parthenon, a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena.
Visit the city of Athens, a mix of old, classic and modern styles, all blended into one incredible city. To get to the Acropolis of Athens, you should buy a ticket in advance. Tickets include admission to the Parthenon, as well as other temples. To visit the Acropolis Museum, you should purchase a separate ticket. The acropolis can be crowded, so beat the groups by going in the early morning or later in the evening.