San Miguel de Allende is the main city of San Miguel de Allende, located in the far east of Guanajuato, Mexico. Part of the Bajío region, the city is 274 km from Mexico City, 86 km from Querétaro, and 97 km from the state capital Guanajuato. The name of the city comes from two people: 16th century leader Juan de San Miguel, and a martyr of the Mexican Independence, Ignacio Allende, who was born in a house across from the central square of the city.
San Miguel de Allende was also an important epicenter in the historic Chichimeca War (1540–1590) where the Confederation of Chichimeca defeated the Spanish Empire in its initial colonial war. Today, an old section of town that is part of the proclaimed World Heritage Site, thousands of new foreign tourists and residents visit each year.
Perhaps the best way to enjoy San Miguel is walking its cobbled streets filled with colonial houses and fascinating. Some of the sights you can find in your walk are:
1. Main Garden
This central square is undoubtedly the heart of the city. In the south you can see the contour of San Miguel Parish, to the east and west are the arches of the gates and colonial buildings, and to the north you will find the Old City Palace . But the garden itself attracted visitors to sit and chat on wrought iron benches in the shade of laurel trees, while they listened to musicians playing around or watching one of the many exciting parades.
2. Ignacio Allende’s House-Museum
This two-story baroque building dates back to the 18th century, with its complex of stone and wrought iron, it is a stunning example of houses built by wealthy Spanish nobility in Mexico. It is the birthplace of Generalissimo Don Ignacio Allende and operates as a museum, with exhibits on General Allende’s role in the War of Independence, as well as the history and archeology of the area.
3. San Miguel Arcángel Parish
The original parish, built in the late seventeenth century, in the Baroque style, consisted of two towers. This changed dramatically in 1880, when the master builder, Zeferino Gutiérrez Muñoz, a self-taught architect, was tasked with creating a new facade. It is said that Mr. Zeferino Gutiérrez was inspired by the drawings, inscriptions and postcards of great churches in Europe. The result is the neo-Gothic fantasy that makes the parish of San Miguel one of the most photographed churches in Mexico and its towers can be seen from almost anywhere in the city.
4. Inmaculada Concepción Church
This church, known locally as “Las Monjas” (The Sisters), was originally built as part of a large housing complex and is now a monastery for the Sisters of the Immaculate Conception. Original Sin. The cathedral was built between 1755 and 1842, and the elegant dome was added by Mr. Zeferino Gutiérrez Muñoz in 1891. He built on a European historic site: the Los Invalides church in Paris.
5. Culture Center Ignacio Ramírez “El Nigromante”
This facility was originally the monastery of a neighboring monastery but today it is part of the National Institute of Fine Arts (INBA) and is known in San Miguel as simply “Bellas Artes” (Fine Arts). The center offers courses in painting, drawing, sculpture, music and dance. It is famous for the unfinished murals of famous Mexican artist David Alfaro Siqueiros, former school teacher. The complex has an exhibition room and an auditorium.
6. Civic Square
First built in 1555, adjacent to Soledad Square, this plaza (not the Main Garden) was the real center of activity for the San Miguel people in ancient times. Today, the statue of General Ignacio Allende riding a horse dominates the square. The large building on the northeast corner of the square used to be the St. Francis College of Sales, home to the Independence War heroes Aldama, Umarán and Allende himself.
7. El Chorro Park
Built around one of San Miguel’s oldest and winding streets, this tranquil park’s steps lead to an ancient natural spring, eighteenth-century baths, a primitive chapel and the current temple. According to legend, this chapel held the first Christian ceremony in San Miguel.
8. El Charco Del Ingenio
Located on the outskirts of San Miguel, El Charco del Ingenio is a private ecological sanctuary and funded botanical garden dedicated to the restoration and conservation of Mexican flora and promotes reproduction of endangered species. muscle extinction. The vast terrain houses a cactus conservation house, ruins of a mill and a manor of a hacienda. It is inhabited by indigenous and migratory birds. All the land is linked by ideal walking paths that allow climbing the walls of the canyon, which offers great opportunities for bird watching.