Egypt is a mysterious country that always attracts people who love to explore. Dubbed the cradle of human civilization “, the Nile country has its own unique cultural values. When you come here, don’t forget to visit Cairo city with the ancient Giza Pyramids.
1. Overview about Egypt and Cairo
Egypt is an intercontinental country with the oldest history on the planet. The country is considered a cradle of civilization, and underwent some of the earliest developments in writing, agriculture, urbanization, organized religion, and central government. Egypt has over 100 million people, most of whom live and cultivate near the banks of the Nile. Besides, the economy here is also rated among the largest and most diverse in the Middle East.
Cairo – capital of Egypt, is one of the most densely populated urban areas in Africa. The area around this city, especially Memphis, was once the epicenter of ancient Egypt due to its strategic location just upstream of the Nile delta. This fortress, named Babylon, is now the oldest structure in the city, serving as the heart of the Copt Orthodox community.
2. The best time to travel to Cairo
Egypt has a hot, dry Mediterranean climate. The period from June to August in northern Cairo, usually very hot, sometimes up to 40 degrees Celsius; in addition, it is flooded with dust, pollution and noise … Besides, there is often a large temperature difference, during the day from 18 to 22 degrees C, but sometimes only 8 degrees C, especially from December to February next year.
So the best time to visit is from March to May or September to November, because the climate is more mild. Visitors can freely admire the beauty of the monuments, but when you go, you also need to regularly replenish water, so bring sunscreen as well as sunglasses and a hat to protect your health.
3. Transportation in Cairo
The public transport system in Egypt is quite good. When traveling to Egypt you can choose from a variety of means of transportation in Egypt such as bus, train, ship or even camels, donkeys and horses. Among them, minibuses are the cheapest and most popular. With a starting price of about 1 EGP, these vehicles are often packed with customers and are always rushing on the road. If you want to catch a car in Cairo, people will raise one or two hands, making a sign for drivers to understand where they want to go.
4. Outstanding destinations to visit
The river of life nourishes and protects this mysterious land. With abundant water resources, the Nile created the richest valley in the Black Continent, contributing to becoming the root to create a brilliant ancient Egyptian civilization, bringing pride to all mankind. To the people of the river is the divine spirit, every year they celebrate the feast of the Nile offering water with the most gratitude and respect. On a cruise tour of this river, you will have an interesting insight into the rural areas of Egypt. Plus, admire the many temples and other famous ancient monuments.
This is one of the first Muslim works to appear when Cairo was born in the same period (in 920). AI-Azhar officially opened its doors in 972 and became the religious center as well as the largest Islamic university in the world at that time.
Up to now more than a thousand years, this university is still continuing to operate. Besides becoming the center of Arabic literature, the school is also the best place to study for Sunni Muslims. Building architecture features domes, surrounded by majestic towers are adorned with strong carvings, white marble courtyards create a sense of sacredness and peace.
The Great Pyramids of Giza
Coming to Cairo, you can not ignore the Egyptian Pyramid of Giza, the greatest man-made work of all time. As one of the 7 ancient world wonders, the Pyramid of Giza (also known as the pyramid of Kheops) was built from about 2.3 million blocks of limestone and granite with a volume of 2 – 50 tons. The stone blocks were carved, shaped, smoothed and stacked perfectly perfectly up to a height of 146.5 m (due to wear at present time is 138.8 m).
Although it is in the hot desert, the inner temperature of the pyramid is maintained at around 20 degrees C, to preserve the remains of ancient Egyptian kings. During the past several decades, the mysteries of the pyramid of Giza have not been explained and have become the most attractive place for many scientists and tourists to explore.
The ancient market of Khan – El – Khalili Bazaar
Not only is the largest ancient market in Egypt, this is also a famous tourist destination with the largest scale in the Arab region. This market has a lifespan of more than 600 years, established in 1382. Initially, this place was just a large warehouse, but later developed into a large and busy market. This market can be called a neighborhood, because it consists of many streets crowded together, full of jewelry shops, leather goods, carpets, wool, … and is famous for its dishes. Unique antiques or crafts are crafted with the talented hands of the skilled craftsmen here.
If you have the opportunity to visit Egypt, do not forget to visit the Red Coast. Belonging to the city of Sharm el Sheik, the Red Sea is the most unique destination in the world with clear, warm water, wide, cool seas and breathtaking coral reefs. The name comes from a strange grass that will change its characteristic green to red color when it comes to autumn. They make the space here wear a strange and rare brilliant carpet.
The Red Sea, with a surface area of more than 450,000 square kilometers, is home to more than 1,000 types of invertebrates, 200 types of corals and a diverse ecosystem of more than 1,200 fish species. Coming here, you will surely be fascinated by the exciting and challenging diving experiences.