Croatia located in the northwestern part of the Balkan Peninsula. Because of its geographic position, Croatia represents a blend of four different cultural spheres. It has been a crossroad of influences of the western culture and the east—ever since division of the Western Roman Empire and the Byzantine Empire—as well as of the Mitteleuropa and the Mediterranean culture. As a result, Croatia owns dominant culture.
Moreška /moʊˈrɛʃkə/ is a traditional sword dance from the town of Korčula, on the Croatian island of the same name in the Adriatic. Dating back hundreds of years, the Moreška is an elaborate production involving two groups of dancers, engaging in a mock battle over the fate of a veiled young woman. Originally performed rarely on special occasions, in modern times the Moreška is performed weekly for visiting tourists. The two sides of battling dancers were originally Moors and Christians, recalling the Spanish battles of the Reconquista in the Middle Ages. However, at some point in the 19th century in Korčula, the sides changed from Christians vs. Moors, to Croats vs. Moors, or simply “White” and “Black”, with the non-Moor side emerging victorious.
The Moreška was originally performed on special occasions only, perhaps once every few years, especially on the Feast Day of “Sveti Todor” (Saint Theodore, Korčula’s patron saint) in July, in a lavish presentation which could last for up to two hours. In modern times there are abbreviated performances of 20–30 minutes which occur weekly in the summer for visiting tourists. Performers must be native to Korčula, and local families take great pride in their participation.
2. Lastovo of Poklad
Poklad of Lastovo is an old-fashioned custom and is associated with the historical events taken place in 1483. Poklad of Lastovo is one of the most distinctive and authentic carnival traditions. It’s unusual and there’s not similar event in any part of the world.