Beijing, the capital of China, is the most popular tourist destination in China every year. By 2020, Beijing will continue to be a bestseller, where you can get the maximum experience of Chinese culture and history for one destination. The Forbidden City and the Great Wall attract millions of visitors each year.
1. About Beijing city
Beijing – capital of China, English name is Beijing, Chinese name is 北京. The city is located in the North China, including 14 urban and suburban districts and 2 rural districts, bordering two provinces, Hebei and Tianjin. As one of the most populous cities in the world, Beijing has the most modern transportation system with highly scientifically arranged highways and railways. Beijing’s international airport is the world’s second-largest airport by passenger volume.
Founded three millennia ago, in parallel with modern and novel architectures, Beijing still preserves valuable historical relics including magnificent palaces, ancient temples and shrines. parks, tombs, city walls, city gates …
2. Does Beijing have any outstanding features?
As one of the world’s economic hubs, Beijing is a lavish city with countless tourist destinations. But if you only have limited time and money or are looking for a cheap China tour itinerary, you should focus on the following outstanding destinations:
The Great Wall
One thing is for sure, when coming to China, the Great Wall is a place you cannot help but visit.
It is the most famous strategic military defense building in the world. Visiting the Great Wall, visitors will have the opportunity to learn about the history of this Chinese symbolic work. The citadel has a total length of about 6,700km (the length of the great wall in Beijing is about 629km). The wall was about 7-8 m high and 5-6 m wide on average, started construction in the Chu Dynasty, followed by the Spring and Autumn periods (770 – 476 BC), Warring States (476 – 221) BC), by many countries such as Quin,Han, Zhao,… and later there were the Qing, Kim and Ming dynasties. Famous and well-preserved places in the Great Wall, such as BaDaLing, Juyong Guan, Mutianyu …
BaDaLing is about 60 km from Beijing in the northwest, about 3741m in length, average height about 7m. The rampart has a maximum altitude of about 800 meters above sea level, rebuilt in the Ming Dynasty, and is the most visited by many tourists traveling to Beijing.
Located in the center of Beijing city, this place has a large space, where visitors can enjoy a wonderful view. This place is the palaces of the Ming and Qing dynasties with the largest scale and most intact in the world. The Forbidden City was built from 1406 to 1420, including 980 buildings on an area of 720,000 m2. Stepping inside the Forbidden City, tourists choosing to tour Beijing will admire the unique architecture of the Chinese court. The Forbidden City was built in 14 years with high-class materials such as Suzhou bricks, Anhui celadon tiles,….
Most of the roofs of the palaces are covered with yellow lush tiles, the color symbolizing the Chinese court. The yellow color in the theory of the five elements is the earth, the root of all things, so in the past, yellow was considered by the rulers to be the most precious color. Palace walls are painted bright red, symbolizing solemnity, happiness, luck. In ancient times, except for the royal palace, only the crown and important temples were used in red. Besides, this place also preserves many artifacts considered national heritage.
As one of the most famous squares in the world, Tiananmen Square is considered Beijing’s heart. Located in the city center, with an area of nearly 109 acres (44 hectares). The North and South ends of the square are marked by the gates of Tiananmen and Tienmen. Along the west side of the square is the People’s Congress. Along the east is the National Museum of Chinese History. The whole square is surrounded by the most famous sights and landmarks of the capital Beijing and certainly no visitors can miss when coming to this city.
Visiting Tiananmen Square on the Beijing tour, visitors will be overwhelmed by this massive structure, surrounded by a lot of beautifully styled ornamental plants, you should visit the square in the morning Just walk and breathe fresh air, giving visitors a sense of relaxation and peace separate from the noisy and bustling outside city.
If the Forbidden City is the place of the royal palace, the secret of history, Summer Palace is the place to enjoy natural beauty in a peaceful and elegant setting. Summer Palaceis also known as a resting place for the sight of Queen Dowager Cixi. Located on the majestic . Mainly dominated by Longevity Hill and poetic Kunming Lake, decorated with ornamental plants, the architecture here deserves to be the cradle of the art of Chinese parks, which has great cultural significance to the Chinese people and the world.
Hutong Old Town
Beijing not only has the most lavish and magnificent tourist attractions or the most modern works, but also hidden in small alleys and small streets, existing in parallel with the capital for thousands of years. Beijing tourists leisurely renting a bicycle here will encounter the old town Hutong (Dong Lake). “Hutong” are small, long, narrow alleyways formed in the way of the Four Institutes. “Four Institutes” are traditional Chinese houses, with a garden, full of 4 sides, in front of the house with a large yard, a well for living, all living life is wrapped in the Sichuan Institute. Residential areas are formed by many Four Institutes linked together, forming a hutong, then one hutong is connected with another to become residential areas like a chess board. From Hutong also to refer to such neighborhoods.
Lama Temple, also known as Yonghe Palace, is the only Tibetan temple in Beijing. Built 300 years ago, it is one of the largest and most important temples of Tibetan Buddhism outside of Tibet. Lama Temple (Lama) was built in the Sino-Tibetan style, with superficial scale, harmonious and unique architecture, impressive. Initially, this place was Yonghe Palace, built in 1694 for the Qing dynasty officials to live. Later it became the palace of Quianlong Emperor . When he ascended to the throne, in order to serve the Qing Dynasty with Tibet diplomacy, a part of the Yonghe Palace became a Tibetan Buddhist monastery. Since then, the Lama Temple has been a place of cultivation for Tibetan Buddhist monks as well as to welcome messengers from Tibet. Today, Lama Temple is a famous landscape, attracting a lot of tourists in Beijing.
Jiumen Snack Street (Nine Gates)
As one of the most famous snack streets in Beijing, on Jiumen Street, visitors can enjoy more than 200 traditional Chinese dishes and drinks. The special thing about this neighborhood is that you will not use money directly to buy food, but will change money into a card and use that card to pay at all the restaurants.
Beijing Olympic Stadium
Known as the “Bird’s Nest Stadium”, the Olympic Stadium is Beijing’s unique architectural wonder, a special highlight of every cheap Beijing tour. Started construction in 2001, this project can accommodate 91,000 people, is one of the largest Olympic buildings in the world.
Beijing National Opera House
Also known as “egg theater” or “crystal oasis” with modern and unique architecture. Opened in 2007, this theater has an entire elliptical dome made of titanium and glass, from a distance, this theater is like a pearl floating on the lake. The best time to see the National Opera House is in the evening, when the theater lights up and shows off its splendor.
China Central Television Tower
With a height of 405m, this is one of the tallest towers in the world and has a unique and novel architecture. The TV tower is open to visitors with many categories: sightseeing stations – where the panoramic view of Beijing can be captured; Luxury restaurant – where guests dine in the magnificent sunset of Beijing.